As development professionals, we are often faced with complex and dynamic social-ecological systems that require a holistic and adaptive approach to ensure the success of community projects. Here are some notes on the utility of a deeper understanding of resilience (through the lens of adaptive capacity) and the application of a panarchic understanding to holistic development progress from a lecture we are preparing on the subject.
The theory of panarchic growth provides us with a useful framework for understanding how social-ecological systems undergo cycles of growth, decline, and reorganization at multiple scales, and how these cycles are characterized by periods of stability, innovation, and transformation.
At its core, the theory of panarchic growth is about understanding the interactions between the social and ecological components of a system and how these interactions shape the resilience, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of the system. By applying this theory to our work in South Africa, we can develop a more robust evaluation framework that considers the unique characteristics of the system and enhances the probability of success for our community projects.
Here are some key principles of the panarchic growth framework that we can apply to our work in South Africa:
Assess the system at multiple scales: Social-ecological systems are nested at multiple scales, from the local to the regional and global levels. By assessing the system at multiple scales, we can identify cross-scale interactions and feedbacks that could affect the success of our project.
Identify the adaptive cycles: Social-ecological systems undergo cycles of stability, innovation, and transformation. Identifying these cycles can help us identify potential windows of opportunity or vulnerability for our project and inform the design of adaptive management strategies.
Evaluate the potential for surprise: Social-ecological systems are complex and dynamic, and there is always the potential for surprise or unexpected feedbacks and interactions. By assessing the potential for surprise, we can identify potential tipping points or thresholds in the system and assess the potential for cascading effects.
Assess the resilience of the system: Social-ecological systems have the ability to absorb and recover from disturbances or stresses. By assessing the resilience of the system, we can identify the social and ecological diversity, redundancy, and connectivity of the system, as well as its ability to learn and adapt to changing conditions.
Assess the adaptive capacity of the system: Social-ecological systems have the ability to adjust their behavior, strategies, or structure in response to changing circumstances or environmental conditions. By assessing the adaptive capacity of the system, we can identify the knowledge, resources, and decision-making processes of the community or other relevant stakeholders, as well as their ability to manage resources effectively.
Assess the vulnerability of the system: Social-ecological systems are susceptible to harm or damage from external factors, such as natural disasters, economic shocks, or social disruptions. By assessing the vulnerability of the system, we can identify the social and ecological exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of the system, as well as any potential trade-offs or unintended consequences associated with our project.
Identify leverage points: Social-ecological systems have key actors, institutions, or resources that can be mobilized to enhance the resilience and adaptive capacity of the system. By identifying these leverage points, we can enhance the capacity of the system to respond to change and support the success of our project.
By incorporating these principles into our evaluation framework, we can develop a more holistic and adaptive approach to community development in South Africa. This approach can help us navigate the complex and dynamic nature of social-ecological systems and ultimately enhance the well-being and livelihoods of the communities we serve.
The theory of panarchic growth provides us with a valuable framework for understanding how social-ecological systems change over time and how we can enhance the resilience, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of these systems to support the success of our social investment projects.
This is how we #GrowZA